Our work is reader-supported, meaning that we may earn a commission from the products and services mentioned.

How to get a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption in Georgia

How to get a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption in Georgia

How to get a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption in Georgia

How to get a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption in Georgia

How to get a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption in Georgia

A Georgia Sales Tax Exemption Certificate is a document that allows a business to purchase goods and services tax-free from suppliers for the purpose of reselling those goods and services. The certificate is also sometimes referred to as a “resale permit” or a “reseller’s permit.”

Learn more about the Certificate of Exemption, how to get one, and more.

What is a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption?

When retailers purchase products to resell, they often don’t pay sales tax to the supplier on the purchase. The sales tax will still be paid, but instead of the retailer paying sales tax, the retailer charges sales tax to their customer on the final value of the merchandise. The collected sales tax is then sent by the retailer to the Georgia Department of Revenue.

For example, when a pet store purchases dog toys from their supplier to sell in the store, the pet store owner won’t typically have to pay sales tax to their supplier. When a customer (or end-user) purchases the dog toy, the retailer will charge sales tax to the customer based on the full price of the toy. The retailer will collect the sales tax from all their transactions and periodically (typically at the end of the month) send the sales tax to the state.

The purpose of the certificate is to provide evidence of why sales tax was not collected on a transaction. Similar names for a resale certificate include reseller number, seller’s permit, exemption certificate, wholesale license, or reseller’s license. In order for the supplier to allow the tax-exempt purchase, the seller needs proof the buyer intends to resell the product by providing a valid resale certificate.

The sales tax exemption is only intended to be used for inventory that will be resold and not intended for the tax-free purchase of items used in normal business operations such as paper, pens, etc.

Getting Started

Before a business starts selling products or providing taxable services, it must first get a Georgia Sales Tax Number from the Georgia Department of Revenue. The sales tax number is sometimes referred to as a seller’s permit, sales tax permit, or sales tax license.

Is a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption the same as a Sales Tax Number?

The sales tax number and resale certificate are commonly thought of as the same thing, but they are actually two separate documents. The sales tax number allows a business to sell and collect sales tax from taxable products and services in the state, while the resale certificate allows the retailer to make tax-exempt purchases for products they intend to resell.

Related: How to register for a Georgia Sales Tax Number

After registering, a sales tax number will be provided by the Department of Revenue. This number will be listed on the resale certificate, which is created by filling out Form ST-5, Georgia Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption.

How to fill out the Georgia Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption

The Georgia Department of Revenue created a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption (Form ST-5) to make things easier for documenting tax-free transactions. 

Filling out the ST-5 is pretty straightforward but is critical for the seller to gather all the information.

If audited, the Georgia Department of Revenue requires the seller to have a correctly filled out ST-5 Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption.  Without it correctly filled out, the seller could end up owing sales taxes that should have been collected from the buyer in addition to penalties and interest. 

Steps for filling out the ST-5 Georgia Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption

Step 1 – Begin by downloading the Georgia Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption Form ST-5 
Step 2 – Certify the type of exemption being claimed (Most resellers are going to select the first checkbox (Purchases or leases of tangible personal property or services for resale only under O.C.G.A. § 48-8-30)
Step 3 – Identify the name and business address of the seller
Step 4 – Identify the buyer’s information:

  • Name (Refers to the legal name of the business)
  • Sales tax number
  • Type of business
  • Address
  • Printed name and signature
  • Title
  • Telephone number
  • Email

ST-5 Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption Fillable Form

ST-5 Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption Fillable Form


How much does a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption cost in Georgia?

There is no cost for a Certificate of Exemption in Georgia.

Does a Georgia Resale Certificate Expire?

The Georgia exemption certificate is valid until revoked in writing.

Where do I file the Georgia sales tax exemption certificate?

The resale certificate is kept on file by the seller and is not filed with the state.

Are sellers required to accept resale certificates?

Sellers are not required to accept resale certificates, however, most do.  If the vendor doesn’t accept the certificate, the buyer will have to pay sales tax on the merchandise being purchased.  In most cases, a credit is available when filing the Georgia sales tax return. 

What steps should a business take to accept a resale certificate?

When a business is presented with a resale certificate, it is the seller’s responsibility to verify the buyer’s information is correct and maintain records to demonstrate the seller’s due diligence.  Failing to verify this information may put the liability of paying Georgia sales taxes on the seller.

Before accepting a resale certificate, a seller should:
– Review the resale certificate to make sure it is completely filled out.  
– Verify the purchaser’s Georgia Sales Tax ID with the Department of Revenue’s Verification Tool.
– Sellers are also responsible for considering whether the goods and services sold are consistent with their type of business.  For example, if the buyer’s business is a car dealership, but they want to purchase office supplies tax-free, the seller should investigate further.  
– Keep a file of resale certificates. 

How to get a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption in Georgia

How to get a Sales Tax Certificate of Exemption in Georgia

Greg Bouhl

Greg Bouhl

Welcome! My name is Greg Bouhl, and I have over 21 years as an entrepreneur, educator, and business advisor, where I worked with over 1,600 entrepreneurs to help them start and grow their businesses.

As a small business advisor, I got fed up with clients finding inaccurate and outdated information when they were researching how to start a business online, so I launched StartingYourBusiness.com to be a trusted resource.

I'm constantly adding and revising this site, but if there is a question you have about starting a business or need help finding something, please ask!

2 Responses

  1. Can I use the sales tax certificate of exemption when I make purchases in states other than in Georgia? Will out-of-state suppliers be able to honor my sales tax exemption certificate?

    1. Hi Angela

      Generally, all out-of-state suppliers will honor your sales tax exemption certificate, though they are not required to.

      Hope this helps!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *