One of several steps most businesses will need to take when starting a business in New Mexico is to register for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) and New Mexico state tax ID numbers. These numbers are most commonly used to register a business with the federal and state government in order to pay sales taxes, payroll taxes, and withhold taxes from employee wages.
Let’s review in more detail what this number is used for, when it is required, the cost, and how to register.
What is the Employer Identification Number (EIN)?
EIN is short for Employer Identification Number and is sometimes referred to as a Federal Employer Identification Number, FEIN, Federal Tax Identification Number, or Federal Tax ID Number. This is a unique nine-digit number that is similar to a social security number for an individual but instead identifies a business.
The EIN is primarily needed to hire employees, as the EIN used as the account for paying payroll taxes, income tax withholdings, and unemployment taxes.
Some other uses of the EIN include:
- Opening a bank account – Banks need an EIN (or SSN if the EIN isn’t needed) before opening a business bank account.
- Applying for business licenses & permits – Most New Mexico business licenses and permits will require the EIN (or SSN in some cases) before filing an application.
- Filing tax returns – To file state and federal tax returns, the EIN is used to identify the business.
Who needs an EIN?
The EIN is needed for New Mexico businesses that are either:
- Registered as a partnership, corporation, or multi-member Limited Liability Company, or;
- A sole proprietorship or single-member LLC that has employees
The EIN is optional for sole proprietorships and single-member LLCs without employees as those business entities will use the owner’s social security number (SSN) or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN). While it’s not required, using an EIN in place of the owner’s SSN can help protect the owner from identity theft.
How to apply for an EIN
The easiest and fastest way to apply for an EIN is to visit the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) website, between the hours of 7 am – 10 pm EST, Monday – Friday.
The online application process only takes about 5 minutes to file the EIN online and the number will be ready in seconds. If applying online isn’t an option, you can also complete an EIN application by mail or fax by sending Form SS-4 to the IRS fax number 855-641-6935.
You can even get an EIN over the phone if the company was formed outside the U.S. by calling 267-941-1099. If filing by phone, note that it isn’t a toll-free number.
There is no cost to apply for an EIN.
See how to register an EIN in this video:If you prefer to have some guidance in applying for an EIN, companies like LegalZoom can quickly take care of the registration.
What Information Do I Need to Get an Employer Identification Number?
Applying for an EIN is pretty straightforward, but you will need to obtain some information beforehand, such as:
- Legal name of the business
- Business address
- Name(s) of the principal officer, manager or owner
- Name(s) and contact information of the owners, directors, officers or members
- Type of business and what activities the business performs
- Date the business was started or acquired
- Closing month of the entity’s accounting year
- Number of employees expected to be hired
- Contact information
Within seconds, the IRS will provide the EIN that can be used immediately. A few weeks later, the IRS will send the official paperwork, known as an EIN Confirmation Letter (CP 575).
What state tax numbers are needed?
In addition to registering the EIN, many businesses will also need to get state of New Mexico tax numbers in order to pay for a variety of state business taxes.
Business tax numbers in New Mexico are often confused with the Employer Identification Number. The EIN is a separate number that is used to federally register a business with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and may be needed in addition to state tax numbers. The most common reasons a business in New Mexico will need to register for a state business tax numbers include:
- Business Registration – All businesses will need to register for the Combined Reporting System Number through the New Mexico Taxation and Revenue Department, which is commonly used to report the gross receipts tax. Learn more about registering for a New Mexico sales tax number.
- Employees – Businesses hiring employees will need to register with the New Mexico Department of Taxation & Revenue to get a Withholding Tax Account Number and the New Mexico Department of Labor to get an Unemployment Insurance Account Number. Learn more about registering as an employer in New Mexico.