A career working on cars can be rewarding, but if you’ve always enjoyed making specialized modifications to your vehicles, then starting a custom car shop may be a better option than starting a more general car repair business. There’s a definite need for vehicle specialists who have the tools and knowledge to do custom installations and work. By starting your own custom car shop, you can help customers bring their dream vehicles to life.
Custom car shops provide specific vehicle alterations for car owners. Custom work can encompass paint jobs, car wraps, engine modifications, body enhancements, technology installations and updates, and more. Some shops specialize in one certain type of customization, like sound systems, while others may offer broader services.
Custom car shops exist for your everyday vehicle owner as well as for owners of certain types of vehicles, like work trucks or sports cars. These shops become sought-out and trusted because they do work that other shops don’t, and they often have access to products that you can’t find at a more general mechanic. The shop’s specialized knowledge and advice also attract customers and encourages them to return again and again.
According to IBIS World, the car body shop industry saw multiple growth-driving factors, including an increase in the average age of vehicles and improved consumer confidence. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a revenue decline of 10.1% in 2020, negating the earlier industry growth and making for a 0.0% revenue increase from 2015 to 2020. However, IBIS World predicts that from 2020 to 2025, the industry will bounce back from this setback and experience steady growth.
As of 2020, the car body shop industry was a $44 billion market with 112,682 businesses in operation. The industry employed 329,320 people.
Custom car trends are shaping the car shop industry. According to Red Bull, classic cars have made a resurgence, and that trend is likely to continue for some time. Other popular customizations include altering camber angles to optimize a vehicle for drifting and customized paint jobs for that one-of-a-kind feel.
Complete Mobile notes that many car lovers are enhancing their daily driver vehicles with certain customizations. Remote smartphone starting allows drivers to change everything from the temperature to the navigation and music, so their cars are ready to go as soon as they step inside. In-dash navigation continues to gain in popularity, and some vehicle owners are replacing their CD players with infotainment systems. Front- and rear-facing cameras are also popular options, and they can provide valuable documentation of car accidents and road rage.
A custom car shop’s general target market will be vehicle owners with disposable income to make vehicle upgrades and customizations. Depending on the shop’s business model and specialization, that target market may change slightly. Some shops specialize in working with certain types of vehicles, like sports cars, and will need to market to owners of those vehicles. Other types of shops may specialize in one certain type of customization, like vehicle wraps, and market to vehicle owners in need of that certain service.
Skills, experience, and education useful in running a custom car shop
Running a custom car shop doesn’t require a business degree, but certain skills and experiences will be helpful in running this type of business.
Auto industry knowledge and experience. Knowledge and experience in the automotive industry is essential for any custom car shop owner. A genuine enthusiasm for the industry will also help the business owner to deliver quality work.
Awareness of customization trends. A custom car shop owner will need to stay aware of current and emerging customization trends. This can help to keep the shop current and appealing to its customers.
Attention to detail. Keen attention to detail is essential in this industry, and this trait can help make a car shop a success.
Mechanical and technical skills and training. Mechanical and technical skills and training are a must, and previous experience as a bodyworker or mechanic is ideal. Some types of customization, like paint jobs, require specialized training and skills. Experience with these types of customization will increase a business’ versatility and leave the business owner well-prepared to train other staff.
Customer service skills. Strong customer service skills will help a business owner to build rapport with customers. Knowing how to interact with customers and address concerns can improve a business’ reputation and lead to referrals and repeat business.
Management experience. It may be possible for a business owner to manage their smaller shop, but as that shop grows, they’ll need to hire staff. Experience hiring, training, and managing staff will be a valuable skill.
The cost to start a custom car shop will depend on many factors, including the equipment needed and the size of the shop. It may be possible to start a smaller business out of a home garage, saving on rental costs until the business becomes large enough to justify expanding into another space.
Common startup costs for a custom car shop include:
Space rental and renovation costs
Machinery and equipment such as electrical tools, diagnostic machines, air tools, woodworking tools, lift, Jitter Bugs/sanders, air compressor, etc.
Working capital to pay for the first few months of labor, rent, utilities, etc.
Steps to Starting a Custom Car Shop
Step 1: Write Your Business Plan
The first step to starting a custom car shop is to write out a detailed business plan. This plan will outline your business’s key elements, including your target market, services offered, and research about the industry. To secure funding at a bank, you’ll need this business plan. Multiple sources have also found that having a business plan increases the chances of success.
Step 2: Form a Business Entity
When it’s time to start your business, you’ll need to choose a business entity. The business entity (also referred to as a legal entity or business structure) refers to how your business is legally organized and operates. You can choose from four common entity types, including a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and Limited Liability Company (LLC). Each type of business entity has different pros and cons regarding costs, protection of personal assets, and administrative requirements. A business lawyer can help advise you about which option may be right for you.
Related: Comparison of Business Entities
Step 3: Name the Business
Finding the perfect name for a business can be challenging. Not only does the name have to resonate with your customers, but it also has to be available to use.
Related: Tips and ideas for naming a custom car shop
Step 4: Select Your Location
Your shop’s rent will vary depending on factors like its location and the size of the space that you’re renting. Amenities, like a heated garage and off-street parking, can also increase rental costs. Look for a location that strikes a balance between the features you need and a rental cost that you can afford.
Related: Choosing a business location
Step 5: Apply for Business Licenses and Permits
There may be some specific regulations for a hot rod shop. Paintwork has several federal and state regulations and the storage and safety of common supplies like carb cleaner, solvents, oil, and tires.
In addition, you will need to check for general business licenses from local, state, and federal registrations required for businesses. Most businesses need a sales tax permit, Employer Identification Number, and Occupancy Permit, among others.
Step 6: Find Financing
Coming up with a business idea, and developing a business plan is just the beginning. You’ll also need to secure financing for your business to help cover the costs of remodeling a space and buying the equipment you’ll need to open up a shop. To get a business loan, a borrower will need to have good credit and personally invest 15-25% toward the total start-up costs.
Step 7: Open a Business Bank Account
Keeping your business and personal finances in separate business accounts for checking and credit cards make it easier to track the business’s income and expenses.
Step 8: Get Your Marketing Plan in Place
A marketing plan will help a business to continuously bring in new customers. Common marketing techniques for a custom car shop include social media pages on Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, and Twitter, developing a website, online advertising, print advertising, generating 5-star reviews on Yelp, Google, and others, and more. Referral and customer loyalty programs can also help to bring in new customers.
Step 9: Get Business Insurance
A custom car shop needs several types of insurance for full coverage:
General liability insurance helps protect the business if a customer is ever hurt while on the business’ property or as a result of the shop’s work.
Commercial property insurance helps to cover damages that can occur if the shop or its equipment are ever damaged in an event like a fire.
Worker’s compensation insurance helps to protect the business if an employee is ever hurt while at work.
The cost of insurance policies will vary depending on factors like the shop’s equipment value and the number of employees on staff. To get the most accurate idea of what to budget for insurance, request quotes from multiple insurance providers. When comparing these quotes, evaluate the differences between premiums, coverage exclusions, coverage limits, and deductibles.
Step 10: Hire Employees
While a business owner might initially operate a custom car shop entirely on their own, eventually, it will be necessary to hire employees as the shop expands. According to PayScale, these are the average salaries for these common custom car shop positions:
Restoration technician: $40,000
- Metal fabricator: $52,000
- Mechanical engineer: $56,000
When hiring employees, the shop’s budget will need to include additional related expenses like paid time off and worker’s comp.
Related: Hiring your first employee
Step 11: Set up an Accounting System
Setting up an accounting system for your custom car shop is critical to your business’s long-term success.
Staying on top of taxes not only keeps the business out of trouble with the government, but the numbers can be used to track and monitor trends and cash flow in the business and maximize profits.
How Much Can You Potentially Make Owning a Custom Car Shop?
According to Car Covers, custom car shop owners make profits of between $50,000 and $100,000 per year, while the shops may bring in a million dollars of revenue or more each year.
While these profits are encouraging, multiple factors will contribute to a shop’s profitability. The shop’s location, services offered, target market, and profit margins will determine its financial success. Thorough market research can help to ensure that the services your shop provides are in-demand, your prices are competitive with other shops, and that your profit margins are great enough to keep your shop successful.
Things to consider before starting a custom car shop
There is plenty of competition in the car customization industry, so it’s important to spend time researching and developing the idea behind your shop before opening your doors. Research local competitors and the services they offer and consider the types of car enthusiasts located within the area. If you are marketing to sports car owners, make sure that there are enough potential customers within the area to keep your shop running long-term.
Networking can be an essential element in building your client base. Developing connections with other auto body shops can encourage them to refer customers looking for custom work to you. It’s also important to develop relationships with local car clubs and venues frequented by your target audience.
Starting a custom car shop is hard work, but it can also be rewarding. It’s possible to start customization work on the side, allowing you to balance your new business venture with a part-time or full-time job. This strategy can also help to keep initial costs down, potentially allowing you to start working in this field without the need to secure outside funding. Especially in the beginning, it may be difficult to have consistent work, and some shops will do fleet work to even out the fluctuations.