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How to get a Resale Certificate in Texas

How to get a Resale Certificate in Texas

How to get a Resale Certificate in Texas

How to get a Resale Certificate in Texas

How to get a Resale Certificate in Texas

In Texas, a Resale Certificate allows businesses to purchase items without paying sales tax. This certificate is also sometimes called a Sales Tax Exemption Certificate or a Texas Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate. Businesses that plan to resell the items they purchase using a Resale Certificate must have a valid permit from the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts.

Learn more about what a resale certificate is, how to get one, and more.

What is a Resale Certificate?

When retailers purchase products to resell, they often don’t pay sales tax to the supplier on the purchase. The sales tax will still be paid, but instead of the retailer paying sales tax, the retailer charges sales tax to their customer on the final value of the merchandise. The collected sales tax is then sent by the retailer to the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts.

For example, when a pet store purchases dog toys from their supplier to sell in the store, the pet store owner won’t typically have to pay sales tax to their supplier. When a customer (or end-user) purchases the dog toy, the retailer will charge sales tax to the customer based on the full price of the toy. The retailer will collect the sales tax from all their transactions and periodically (typically at the end of the month) send the sales tax to the state.

The purpose of the certificate is to provide evidence of why sales tax was not collected on a transaction. Similar names for a resale certificate include reseller number, seller’s permit, exemption certificate, wholesale license, or reseller’s license. In order for the supplier to allow the tax-exempt purchase, the seller needs proof the buyer intends to resell the product by providing a valid resale certificate.

The sales tax exemption is only intended to be used for inventory that will be resold and not intended for the tax-free purchase of items used in normal business operations such as paper, pens, etc.

Getting Started

Before a business starts selling products or providing taxable services, it must first get a Texas Sales Tax Permit from the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts. The Sales Tax Permit is sometimes referred to as a seller’s permit, sales tax number, or sales tax license.

Is a Resale Certificate the same as a Sales Tax Permit?

The Sales Tax Permit and Resale Certificate are commonly thought of as the same thing but they are actually two separate documents. The Sales Tax Permit allows a business to sell and collect sales tax from taxable products and services in the state, while the Resale Certificate allows the retailer to make tax-exempt purchases for products they intend to resell.

Related: How to register for a Texas Sales Tax Permit

After registering, an 11-digit Texas Sales and Use Tax Permit Number will be provided by the Comptroller’s office. This number will be listed on the Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate.

How to fill out the Texas Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate – Form

Filling out Form 01-339 is pretty straightforward, but is critical for the seller to gather all the information.

Only one certificate is needed if purchases are exclusively made for resale. The blanket certificate should state that all purchases will be resold in the normal course of business.

If audited, the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts requires the seller to have a correctly filled out Form 01-339 Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate.  Without it correctly filled out, the seller could end up owing sales taxes that should have been collected from the buyer in addition to penalties and interest.  

Steps for filling out Form 01-339 Texas Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate

Step 1 – Begin by downloading the Texas Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate Form 01-339 
Step 2 – Identify the name, address and phone number of the purchaser
Step 3 – Enter the Texas Sales and Use Tax Permit Number or if the purchaser is out-of-state, include their state’s sales tax permit number
Step 4 – Include the name and street address of the seller
Step 5 – Provide a description of the items to be purchased
Step 6 – Describe what the buyer’s business sells
Step 7 – The purchaser will certify the property being purchased is for resale and sign and date the certificate. 

Fillable Form 01-339 Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate

Fillable Form 01-339 Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate

How much does a Resale Certificate cost in Texas?

There is no cost for a resale certicate in Texas.

Does a Texas Resale Certificate Expire?

Texas Sales and Use Tax Resale Certificate don’t expire.

Where do I file the Texas sales tax exemption certificate?

The resale certificate is kept on file by the seller and is not filed with the Comptroller’s office.

Are sellers required to accept resale certificates?

Sellers are not required to accept resale certificates, however, most do.  If the vendor doesn’t accept the certificate, the buyer will have to pay sales tax on the merchandise being purchased.  In most cases, a credit will be provided on the Texas sales tax filing. 

What steps should a business take to accept a resale certificate?

When a business is presented with a resale certificate, the burden of proof is on the seller to verify that the buyer’s information is correct and to keep these records.  Failing to verify this information may put the liability of paying Texas sales taxes on the seller.

Before accepting a resale certificate, a seller should:

– Review the resale certificate to make sure it is completely filled out. 
– Verify the purchaser has a valid Sales Tax Permit by visiting the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts Taxpayer Search database.
– Sellers are also responsible for examining the certificate and evaluating whether the goods sold are reasonably consistent with the purchaser’s line of business.  For example, if the buyer’s business is a car dealership but they are wanting to purchase office supplies tax-free, the seller should investigate further.  
– Keep a file of resale certificates and records of tax-free transactions for four years. 

How to get a Resale Certificate in Texas

How to get a Resale Certificate in Texas

Greg Bouhl

Greg Bouhl

Welcome! My name is Greg Bouhl, and I have over 21 years as an entrepreneur, educator, and business advisor, where I worked with over 1,600 entrepreneurs to help them start and grow their businesses.

As a small business advisor, I got fed up with clients finding inaccurate and outdated information when they were researching how to start a business online, so I launched StartingYourBusiness.com to be a trusted resource.

I'm constantly adding and revising this site, but if there is a question you have about starting a business or need help finding something, please ask!

2 Responses

  1. hi I had a question? so once the form is filled, I don’t send it to anyone ? I’m just confused, I have my sales and use tax permit but I didn’t know about the resellers until now and I’ve bought product to resell so I’m just stuck on what to do next. I did pay tax on the items I’ve bought already, would I have to include tax in those prices ill be selling the product? how to I get the permit after filling out?

    1. Hi Andrea – This is a common question, and the only time you send off a resale certificate is when a vendor you are buying merchandise to resell asks for it.

      You can get a credit for the sales taxes you already paid for resold items, but you will have to file electronically (see item j on the Texas Sales and Use Tax Return instructions – https://comptroller.texas.gov/forms/01-922.pdf. A report will need to be filed each month, even if you made no sales. You have the option of filing online or paper form 01-114 (long form) https://comptroller.texas.gov/forms/01-922.pdf or 01-117 (short form) https://comptroller.texas.gov/forms/01-117.pdf.

      Hope this helps!

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